"Nature gives you the face you have when you are twenty. Life gives you the face you have at thirty." Coco Chanel

I am 25 and skin care has ALWAYS been an obsession, As I get older I realise I shouldn't have gone to sunbeds and sunbathed under the afternoon sun with carrot oil glistening on my face and body. But, it's never too late.

I have been doing lots of reading into the 'It's not just about wrinkles' book written by Dr Neal Schultz which I purchased recently and I have to say I am loving it. I really do recommend the book if you are a skin care nerd like I am.

Dr Schultz is a park avenue dermatologist who tries to explain that wrinkles shouldn't be the only thing people try to fix and should indeed focus on skin colour and texture. I don't care what anybody says, a skincare routine is a must. But, to have a routine that works, you need to use products that are catered for your skin type which isn't that easy.


Cosmetic Skin Type
Cosmetic or facial skin types are determined by the relative balance between oil and water in and on your skin. There are 6 different types of skin that fall under this category:
  1. Normal
  2. Oily/Acne prone
  3. Dry
  4. Combination
  5. Mature
  6. Sensitive

One of the hardest things for me is diagnosing the skin type as it's always changing. I'm always having drama with mine and try to go to regular facials so that I can be diagnosed every time to see if anything has changed. But, I now realise that they can't really determine skin type with one look and a microscope in 5 minutes. Dr Schultz recommends washing your face with a mild cleanser and not applying any product for 1 whole hour and then getting a tissue or a brown paper bag and blotting onto all areas to see where and if it's oily. Hold up a mirror and you will be able to see exactly if it's dry, normal and if it has a oily sheen. Watch THIS video to better understand your oil and water skin type and click picture below to help you determine your skin type. There are tons of these quizzes everywhere, but I found this to be the most helpful which I photographed from the book.

Click to enlarge.

Fitzpatrick Skin Type
There are also 6 types of Fitzpatrick skin which were characterized by Thomas Fitzpatrick M.D professor emeritus of dermatology at Harvard University. Determining your Fitzpatrick type is is all about assessing skin-cancer risk factors as well as predicting vulnerability to and thereby prevention of premature unnecessary photo aging. The fairer your skin, the greater your risk. Click HERE to determine your Fitzpatrick skin type. This will help you classify your response to UV light and hopefully make you want to wear SPF.


Skin has 7 layers, the 3 main layers are the Epidermis, Dermis and Subcutaneous tissue. Humans shed millions of dead skin flakes everyday and creates a new layer of skin every 28 days.

  • EPIDERMIS - Is the most outer layer of your skin and acts as the body's major barrier against the inhospitable environment, it's thinnest around the eyelids and thickest on the palms and soles. The Epidermis is made of 4 layers, the lower levels are composed of multiple cells that make Keratin. The epidermis is able to completely repair and regenerate itself.
  • DERMIS - Is the layer of skin between the Epidermis and Subcutaneous tissue and composed of 2 layers. Structural components are Collagen and Elastin.
  • SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE - Also known as Hypodermis is used mainly for fat storage, (this is where cellulite occurs) there are also loosely arranged elastic fibres, blood vessels, lympthatic vessels and hair follicle roots.

Collagen is a group of naturally occurring proteins and the main component of connective tissue which is everywhere in our body. It is produced by cells in the Dermis called fibroblasts which make the collagen into long chains and dispersed into our body to heal skin wounds. It's important for new skin production. Did you know that if you got a spot or injury and it did not go deep into the dermis then no scarring will occur. Hold that thought next time you try to squeeze your spot and end up pushing the gunk further into your skin. Did you also know that even though collagen is great when injected into the skin, when applied topically to the outer layer of the skin through a moisturiser it does nothing? This is because the collagen molecules can not penetrate further than the Dermis to enter the Epidermis (2nd layer of skin) where it's needed.

Elastin is a protein in connective tissue that is elastic and allows many tissues in the body to resume their shape after stretching or contracting. Elastin helps skin to return to its original position when it is poked or pinched. Elastins elasticity wears over time, prolonged sun exposure and harsh treatment to the skin will breakdown the coiled filaments of Elastin an no longer function normally which leads to sagging skin. Dr Schultz does not recommend using anti wrinkle creams that claim to eliminate wrinkles for up to 6 hours, as all it's doing is causing temporary swelling and damaging the elastic fibres in your skin.

Did you know that after the age of 25, the collagen fibres in the dermis begin to break down, subcutaneous fat begins to gradually disappear and skin becomes drier and holds less water? Nooo! *Sobs*


Melanocytes are responsible for the tanning effect we noticed when our skin is exposed to the suns UV rays. The darker colour we associate with a tan us actually the manifestation of our skins attempt to protect itself from the mutating and damaging effects of the sun. When the DNA of a melanocyte is damaged, it can lead to the development of a deadly skin cancer called 'Melanoma' WHEN YOUR SKIN HAS BEEN DARKENED IT'S BECAUSE IT'S BEEN DAMAGED.
There are 3 different types of skin cancer, and Melanoma is the worst, avoid it people, avoid it! Use a high SPF and avoid the afternoon sun light.

Vitamins & Minerals to help your complexion?

A few years ago I was addicted to taking Sea Kelp and B vitamins, but I got out of that habit quite a long time ago as I don't believe that anything you put into your body artificially will work. I mean if you want vitamin C, then go and eat an orange. Also, if you are already eating a healthy diet and you are still taking vitamins then you are probably getting too much which can have an adverse reaction to your skin. I am pleased to say that Dr Schultz shares the same opinion which makes me like him even more! :) The best thing you can do for your skin is eat a nutritionally balanced diet and lots of beauty sleep instead of trying to make up for it with a tablet. Also, don't go drinking alcohol or smoking and think that your skin will look pretty 10 years later, it ain't happening and no tablet can counteract that.

Obviously there is SO much more to cover - I could go on and on like I already have done, but I will end it here.

Last words... Age gracefully but prevent it as much as you can, slap on the SPF!


Anonymous said…
This is such a helpful post!
I'm nearly 30 and I want to cry after reading that after 25 the collagen starts to break down!!! Can you hear me screaming????
Only this year I really started looking after my skin after abusing it in the sun. Never again.
I also think that you have to be careful with the amount of products you use because you can cause an adverse reaction or even cause more problems.
Apart from giving you tones of info does the book give tips or home remedies?

Unknown said…
I also have issues trying to determine my skin type. Great post.
Andee Layne said…
love the quote! great info, skin care is so important! xo
great info!

i've only ever consciously tanned a handful of times in my life. but i used to go play in the sun w/o sunscreen all the time! but now, i'm kind of obsessed with skin as well and i always make sure to use SPF.

and i agree, determining skin type is so aggravating!

The quote is classic! And this book sounds so, so interesting. I'm definitely intrigued to purchase it. I'm really into healthy/skincare books right now!

StellieStellina said…
My mum always told me that everything starts going down hill past 25 so yes, I knew what I was in for! I'm a total skin care fanatic and have worn SPF every day since I was 16 (over 10 years now). Only time will tell if this has helped, and if not, there's not a lot I can do about it! Fascinating read, I must check out the book.x
Essjay23x said…
I need to read it all again (maybe even take notes!) but I love this post. Very useful. Thank u, it must have took ages to put it altogether!
Muhsine Emin said…
@Mercedes I hear you screaming :) It doesn't give home remedies but I will do my own research on that :) x

@StellieStellina wow well done you, I have only worn spf when I have been on holiday and recently of course. x

@Essjay23x Thanks, it did take ages, do read it again :) there's some very useful info in it, glad you like it, I just had to share it as skincare is SO important and so hard to get right. x
Marina said…
Very interesting! I'm an SPF addict haha. Every day I slap on either 30 if it I know I'll be indoors all the time or 85(!) if I'll be out.

My mom unlike her sisters always wore SPF and avoided the sun when it was at its hottest.Today at 45 she has pretty much zero wrinkles, great skin tone and firmness. My aunts on the other hand have very damaged skin and are always getting peels to try and reverse the damage.

Muhsine, I just discovered your blog the other day and loved it! You are stunning! What's your heritage? You have amazing skin tone and features!

Oh and since you're a skin care nerd I highly reccommend Paula Begoun's books. She was on Oprah and known as the '' cosmetic cop''. I got her Beauty Bible and there's tons of really incredible info over what works, what doesn't and what's just false advertising.

Much love from Brazil xoxo
Bellamama said…
I agree with Marina. You are beautiful--what heritage are yOU?
Also, what specific sunscreen do you use for your face and body??
Anonymous said…
This is such a great and informative post. Thanks for sharing this info!
I am 31 and try to take excellent care of my skin in order to prevent further damage and aging. I also recently started taking my pre-natal vitamin again as a daily supplement to help improve the health of my skin, hair and nails. You are so right in how very important skin care is!
Anonymous said…
I heart you! I am a big fan of skincare for more than 10 years, i love your blog and the coco Chanel quotes!
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Sami said…
This is such a helpful post! I always get confused over what skin-type I am because it's always changing!

Sami xx
L.M. said…
I think that there are three secrets to good skin. Stay away from the sun, Good genes and drink lots of water. http://beauty-is-within.blogspot.com/
Kimberley said…
Hi Mushine, I too take care of my skin, its so important especially if you want to look good later on in life! I wear Face SPF 30 by Ultra Sun all year round, its a great formula that sinks in straight away & only applied once a day (unlike others that say once and day and you read the small print- must be reapplied). Great Makeup base too!
Muhsine Emin said…
@Marina Thank you for your kind words, I will check out that book, sounds interesting! Your mum is a smart woman :) FYI: My parents are both Turkish. xx

@Bellamama Thank you, both my parents are Turkish. At the moment I am using SPF20 by Aveeno, but I plan to by a new one specifically for my skin type, I will keep you posted :) X

@Andi Whatever your doing is working, you look STUNNING for your age, You look much younger than 31. X

@jenniesbeautyblog Thanks Jen :)

@Sami Hopefully this post helped a little :)

@L.M So right, genes get you on your way, water consumption is highly important!

@Kimberley That sounds like a wonderful SPF :) x
Tina A. said…
Yep, that pretty much sums up my attitude towards skincare as well: prevention and a healthy diet is key!

Great post, if only all women (aaand men) followed those simple rules...!

LittleBlackHome said…
May I ask how your skin is so tan? Is it natural or do you have suggestions for a tan besides sun and salon? Just curious. Thanks!
Muhsine Emin said…
@LittleBlackHome I naturally have some colour but I also use fake tan - either garnier gradual spray tan or xen ten dark luxe. x
Anonymous said…

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